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Education in Ontario 421
Education in Ontario
In early Canada, students were segregated based on social background, religion, race, and gender. Also, many people were unable to attend school or had minimal schooling. Egerton Ryerson, Chief Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada, campaigned for free and universal education. This became the law in 1871. Although it did not end segregation, more people were able to get an education.
The four principles Ryerson established remain the foundation of our educational system today:
(1) Schools should be managed by the people through elected trustees;
(2) Grants of government money should be used to assist local endeavours;
(3) Schools should be supported through taxation and every child should attend;
(4) Schools should be inspected regularly.
Schoolhouse Plan 1857 copy.jpg

Buttonville schoolhouse was built in 1872 using Plan No. 3 from: The Schoolhouse; Its Architecture, External and Internal Arrangements, by J. George Hodgins, 1857.

As long as the community had 20 school-age children and three elected trustees, they could receive a government grant to build a school. It is likely that Buttonville received a grant because an acre of land was bought by the trustees from Mr. Joseph Wilmott for $100.00 in 1872.
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