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Future Careers 107
Future Careers

Human (social, economic, historical and cultural studies)

Cultural and human geography : aspects of geography that relate to different cultures (ie: cultural origins and movement). Historical geography: recreating the geography of past times and protecting historical landscapes and structures. Economic geography: location and distribution of economic activity.
  • Location analyst
  • Market researcher
  • Medical geographer
  • Map librarian
  • Historic preservationist
  • Political analyst
  • Urban planner
  • Real estate developer
  • Demographer
  • Travel/tourism planning
  • Community developer
  • Municipal advisor


Examine distribution of the Earth’s surface features and analyze the processes that create and shape landforms. May include working with environmental concerns and/or studying the impact of natural hazards such as hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes
  • Hydrologist
  • Resource management specialist
  • Outdoor guide
  • Soil conservationist
  • Pollution control consultant
  • Ecologist
  • Geologist
  • Climatologist
  • Habitat researcher
  • Atmospheric data technician

Computational and analytical methods

Use computers to generate maps and store map-related information. May be applied to problem solving in industry, agriculture, weather, military, government, land use and other related areas.
  • Cartographer
  • Remote-sensing analyst
  • Map curator
  • GIS/GPS analyst
  • Field surveyor
  • Computer mapping and software developer
  • Map interpreter
  • Aerial photo analyst
  • Spatial data analyst


Concerned with how human beings use the earth. Focus on human impact on the environment (population growth, food supply, water quality)
  • Conservationist
  • Outdoor recreation management
  • Waste management
  • Forestry technician
  • Hazardous waste planner
  • Ecotourism planner
  • Wetlands conservation supervisor
  • Conservation education coordinator
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Recycling coordinator

Who employs geography graduates?

  • Forestry, mining, environmental issues, waste management, architecture or surveying companies
  • Insurance, communications, international trade, transportation
  • Private industry including utilities, construction, energy, environmental planning
  • Government agencies, NGOs (non-governmental organizations)
  • Consulting firms
  • Real estate developers
  • Scientific or research groups
  • Museums
  • Market research organizations
  • Boards of education/universities/colleges
  • Outdoor recreation companies
  • Magazines/newspapers
  • NGO’s

Skills developed by geography students

  • Using specialized field equipment, satellite imagery and state of the art software
  • Project design/planning
  • Interview skills
  • Gathering and organizing data
  • Analyzing data
  • Summarizing results
  • Surveying and sampling
  • Computer modeling
  • Using statistical applications
  • Reading/constructing graphs/maps
  • Communicating across cultures
  • Conducting field studies
  • Maintaining records
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